Spatial Aspects Affecting The Vitality Of An Iranian Traditional Bazaar: The Case Of Qazvin Bazaar



The concept of vitality, in public spaces, is one of the most important issues in urban design studies. On the other hand, traditional bazaars are the important specific public spaces in Iranian cities that are always lively. The purpose of this study is to analyze the effective aspects on vitality of a bazaar and to understand the relationship between the vitality and spatial qualities in that specific public space. Spatial qualities used in this research included accessibility, permeability, walking comfort, security, variety of activities and sensory desirability. Case study is the bazaar of Qazvin city; one of the oldest traditional gathering spaces in the city form Safavid era. The research method has been applied quantitatively and qualitatively. Firstly, in a field observation (syntax method), the bazaar main route was divided into 7 zones then the number of the people were recorded and averaged (in 6 days); on the other hand, the six spatial qualities, mentioned above, were analyzed by some measures in the sub-routes of every zone. For more precise analysis of the relationship between variables, Pearson correlation coefficient test was used. Results of the test showed that the most significant relationship belongs to the vitality and “accessibility” then to “walking comfort”. In general, there is a significant positive relationship between the vitality and the total of spatial qualities scores as well; therefore, it can be concluded that by increasing the intensity of the spatial qualities in a bazaar, number of the people and thus vitality will be also increased. Secondly, in a survey, most of the people believed that the “variety of activities” are the most effective factors in attracting them to the bazaar and it was the research hypothesis too; but in practice, quality of variety was located in the fourth rank (with no significant relationship, same as other qualities i.e. permeability, security and sensory desirability) thus the hypothesis was rejected.

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