New Or Transformed: Design Approaches Of Antakya Houses In The French Mandate Period



Antakya, called as Antioch during the ancient period, has been inhabited continuously and formed/re-formed and transformed from antiquity to the present by different cultures and empires. It had an organic city form organized with culs-de-sac towards the end of the Ottoman Period. Research particularly conducted on its multi-layered urban identity together with on certain buildings from antiquity focuses on the study of the architecture that formed throughout the Ottoman period until it ended.

On the other hand, there is not enough research on the new urban interfaces and uses created by the French Mandate Period, which has had an impact on the city's change and transformation. As a result of the development activities carried out throughout Antakya during the French Mandate period, new or transformed architectural forms -that did not take place during Antakya's Ottoman Period- emerged. This study focuses on researching the formation and transformation processes of the houses belonging to the historical urban fabric of Antakya from the French Mandate Period on a city scale and from a single residential aspect.

In this context, the evaluations to be made at the city scale and at the building scale with regard to infrastructure-urban architecture and traditional houses will seek answers to the questions of how the traditional houses of Antakya underwent change and transformation in an evolutionary manner during the French Mandate Period, how the modern life style was integrated into the physical structure by feeding from tradition, and how the architecture that formed realizes the construction of the new within a reformist framework while remaining faithful to its essence.

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