Zorunlu Göç Ve Dayanıklılık Planlaması: Türkiye’nin Suriye Zorunlu Göçü Deneyimi

Deniz ALTAY KAYA

Abstract


Today conditions leading to forced migration, where people are evacuated or have no other option but to leave their houses, are increasing due to the increasing rates and impacts of ecological, political, economic or social crises. While the impact of forced migration processes intesifiy over a global scale, international institutions and governments search for more efficient ways to cope with the rising multi dimensional and scalar challenges. The resilience approach has been developed within this context of crises, in order to identify and strengthen the capacities that provide urban/regional or social systems the ability to cope with, and be prepared to expected/unexpected crises and to adapt themselves to the chaning conditions.  This is a theorethical article which claims that approaching the complex phenomenon of forced migration from a resilience perspective provides a multi-dimensional, multi-scalar, comprehensive undertaking, which makes it possible to develop long lasting responses grounded on universal humanist, ecological and democratic values. In this respect, the article aims firstly to explain the characteristcs of resilience thinking and redefine the problematic of forced migration in accord to the introduced framework. The article aims further to discuss the resilience perspective in relation to Turkey’s experience of Syrian forced migration, which has started in 2011 due to rising civil war and has caused millions of people to be forcedly displaced. In relation the article aims to show that resilience approach potentially provides more efficient policy sets in comparison to the current forced migration policies, which are fragmented, uncoordinated and fostering conflict between communities.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4305/metu.jfa.2021.2.2

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