Same Language Different Dialects: Expression Of The Modern Movement In Ankara And Kaunas



The Modern Movement in architecture was not expressed or understood in the same way all around the World, which created different dialects in the language it uses in architecture. Even though all the different variations had one common aim, which was establishing an architecture that is functional and away from eclecticism, there were still diverse approaches. In the early 20th century, Modern architecture was introduced as a part of a schema of social and cultural renewal, therefore, it can be expected that in different cultures, it had different reflections since different cultures and nations develop and improve the individual forms of the architecture according to their ability and their cultural memories that they have inherited from earlier generations. Furthermore, due to the traditions derive from vernacular architecture and point of view on the ideal beauty. This paper performs analysis on different residential façades and plans with the expressions of the Modern Movement in two different cities; Ankara, Turkey and Kaunas, Lithuania which were both became the capital of their countries after the World War I and experienced similar processes around the same time frame by construction boom both in governmental and civil architecture. In that regard, comparison of these two cities will help to understand the variance in different dialects used in the same architectural language in different nationalities and cultures.


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