Morphological Diversity Of Ancient Minarets Architecture In The Ziban Region (Algeria): The Question Of Form, Style And Character

Sami ZERARI, Leila SRITI, Vincenzo PACE

Abstract


The minaret is a signal of the presence of a Mosque in human settlements. It is constructed with a wide variety of forms and style. In trying to understand its architecture, this article attempts to identify the special morphological attributes associated with the appearance of ancient minarets in the Ziban region (Algeria). The methodology adopted in this study based on a literature review, photographic documentation, architectural survey and local memory as a means of collecting a database. The investigation focuses on the formal constitutions and stylistic attributes of the minarets, which has allowed them to be classified into four major categories of typology by making the morphological appearance of the minarets prevail as a distinguishing criterion. The four classes are pyramidal minarets, prismatic minarets, cone-shaped (or obelisk-shaped) minaret, and hybrid-shaped minaret. This study desire to highlight and preserve the undeniable architectural values of the ancient minarets through inventory work, architectural surveys, typologies and visual/formal analyses. This research constitutes a privileged tool to acquire a deep knowledge of vernacular constructive culture and stylistic contributions to the religious architecture in the Ziban region.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4305/metu.jfa.2020.2.6

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