Mimari Mirasın Korunmasında Uygulama Elemanlarının Yetiştirilmesine Yönelik Yaygın Eğitim Uygulamaları

Nurdan KUBAN, Yegân KÂHYA

Abstract


Conservation and restoration applications are endeavors that require exclusive specialization and experience, because of the variety of work items, the unexpected challenges that may emerge during application and the possible irreversible damages of inaccurate interventions. However, in Turkey, -just like the case at contemporary constructions- usually inexperienced, unqualified workers are employed at conservation and restoration sites. It is not possible to expect conservation and restoration applications of the desired quality, with the absence of qualified workers. Traditional building crafts and architectural conservation practises, which in the past used to be transferred from master to apprentice, appear today as a vocational and technical education field. Regarding the vocational and technical education on restoration and conservation, by the end of 2012, 15 vocational high schools and 29 junior technical colleges were specified. Despite the rapid growth in the number of such programs in the past years, vocational and technical education has not fulfilled the expectations and objectives. Vocational and technical training is a model that is based on the relationship of education, industry and employment. However, the expected corelation of these sectors is not achieved in the present conditions. Pursuit for a solution to the problem of implementation staff in Turkey is held over two distinct channels: arrangements on formal education and efforts to improve informal training. Along with projects to improve the education served at VET schools, efforts are also being spent to train intermediary staff for architectural conservation via informal courses. Within the study, the initiations of KOREFD, KUDEB and ÇEKÜL, as informal trainings in Turkey with tendencies of sustainability, will be introduced; the problems regarding the target group, certification, local properties and sustainability will be specified; the efforts of English Heritage will be presented as an example and a new model will be suggested for improving the quality of informal trainings on architectural conservation in Turkey.

Keywords: architectural conservation; implementation staff; informal trainings; certification programmes

Word Count: 7028

 


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4305/metu.jfa.2016.1.8

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