Karya'daki Geç Antik ve Bizans Dönemi Yapı ve Yerleşimleri Üzerine Bazı Gözlemler



The present research, which is part of a larger, long-term project entitled the ‘Archaeological Survey of the Gulf of Mandalya, Caria’, aims to document and interpret the Late Antique and Byzantine monuments and topography of Caria (5th-13th c. AD) and covers the results of nine years of fieldwork (2003-2011). In antiquity the survey-area largely remained under the jurisdiction of Iasos (mod. Kıyıkışlacık) – the major extinct city in the area – giving its name to the entire territory. This work investigates the types of buildings, sites, and settlements identified in the survey-area, their distribution across the landscape and the possible factors influencing this distribution, as well as their association with the major ancient cities in the area, namely Iasos and Bargylia. In this context, emphasis is placed on the identification and interpretation of different types of rural settlements (e.g., villages, habitats, agricultural establishments) in terms of land use and management. This research adopts the theories and methods of a holistic approach and attempts to understand the development of settlement patterns in association with the social, economic, religious, and cultural context of that period of transition from antiquity to the Middle Ages. With this premise, it intends to offer recent archeological data for a better understanding of the urban territoria and countryside of ancient Caria.

Key Words: Caria, Gulf of Mandalya, Late Antique, Byzantine, chora, rural settlement, village, church

Anahtar kelimeler: Karya, Mandalya Körfezi, Geç Antik, Bizans, chora, kırsal yerleşim, köy, kilise

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4305/metu.jfa.2013.1.10


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